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Lebanese Food: 17 Popular and Traditional Dishes

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Fusing spicy Arabic flavors with the colors and textures of Mediterranean cuisine, Lebanese food opens your palate to a world of fascinating flavors that get better with every bite.

Lining the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon’s climate, geography, and surrounding influences have all contributed to a cuisine rife with fresh vegetables, succulent meat, and powerful spices and juices.

Prepare for wide eyes and open jaws. With the expert guidance of Maya, a writer and foodie from Lebanon, we’ve featured unique insight into traditional Lebanese foods you simply need to try.

Lebanese Food

Lebanese Mains & Appetizers

1 – Tabbouleh – Parsley Bulgur Salad

Lebanese Food: Tabbouleh – Parsley Bulgur Salad
© Nomad Paradise

Tabbouleh is a unique salad made of fresh parsley and mint, a handful of bulgur, finely chopped tomatoes, and onions, with a drizzle of lemon juice and olive oil.

It’s traditionally served with mezze (a spread of appetizers) and is very popular to eat at all times of the day.

Over time, the Lebanese have evolved this traditional dish, experimenting with versions that replace bulgar with quinoa and tomatoes with pomegranate seeds.

Tabbouleh is packed with fresh, delicious ingredients, and it has gained popularity in many other countries.

Read more: Tabbouleh Salad Recipe

2 – Fattoush – Pita Salad

Fattoush Salad
© Nomad Paradise

Fattoush is a rich, delicious Lebanese salad and another popular dish that can be served as part of the Lebanese mezze (spread of appetizers).

Traditionally, fattoush is a salad of lettuce, mint, cucumbers, tomatoes, radishes, and fried pita bread or pita chips.

It’s seasoned with a dash of lemon juice, olive oil, sumac, and pomegranate molasses! This creates a salad that’s fresh, filling, and packs a little punch.

In time, Lebanese people have experimented with fattoush salad, adding a wide range of different ingredients.

This delicious salad is enjoyed at both lunch and dinner, and it is a simple Lebanese food that’s definitely worth trying.

Read more: Fattoush Salad Recipe

3 – Labneh – Creamy Yogurt Spread

Labneh with zaatar on top and labneh with berries
© Nomad Paradise

Labneh is one of the most popular breakfast items that you can find in Lebanon.

Labneh is a variation of yogurt made by straining the excess liquid from yogurt until you’re left with a firm, creamy white dip.

Its taste strikes a delicate balance between salty, tangy, and sour. It’s best served cold with olive oil and fresh olives.

Labneh is wildly popular in many Lebanese households. It can be eaten spread on pita bread, baguettes, or toast, finished with a sprinkle of herbs and thyme.

Labneh can also be mixed with garlic paste to make a thick, delicious Lebanese mezze spread, served for lunch.

There’s a variation of Labneh made from goat’s milk. Once strained, it’s dried out and rolled into balls, then stored in olive oil jars for an extra sour taste and a longer shelf life. It’s delicious!

Read more: Labneh Recipe

4 – Hummus – Chickpea Dip

Lebanese Food: Hummus – Chickpea Dip
Moutasem Photography/Shutterstock

Hummus is one of the most popular and beloved dishes from the Levantine region in the world.

Traditionally, hummus is a dip made of chickpeas, tahini paste, lemon juice, and a sprinkle of garlic.

It’s a delicious savory dish that can be eaten with so many foods. You can eat it as a side dish with grilled meat or chicken platters, dip raw or cooked vegetables in it, or spread it on many types of bread.

While the traditional recipe remains the most well-known, Lebanon is home to a wide range of different hummus varieties.

Some of the most popular hummus dishes include minced meat and onions and hummus made with basil or beetroot.

5 – Muhammara – Roasted Red Pepper Dip

© Nomad Paradise

Muhammara is a deep, rich, roasted red pepper dip packed with plenty of flavor.

The word ‘muhammara’ is an Arabic expression meaning to ‘turn red,’ hence the fiery red color of the dip.

It is made from fresh red peppers, which are first cooked and then ground into a paste with walnuts, breadcrumbs, and olive oil.

Garlic, salt, lemon juice, pomegranate molasses, and sometimes spices like cumin are also added to add more flavor.

Muhammara is another common mezze dish. It’s eaten as a dip, like hummus.

In Lebanon, it’s also enjoyed spread on bread or toast or as a sauce for kebabs, grilled meats, and fish. 

Read more: Muhammara Recipe

6 – Manakish or Man’ouche – Breakfast Dough Topped with Thyme, Cheese, or Ground Meat

Lebanese Food: Manakish with Cheese
Manakish with Cheese, Stphanie Crocq/Shutterstock

Manakish or Man’ouche is a famous Lebanese breakfast found across Lebanon at local bakeries and restaurants.

Man’ouche is similar to an Italian pizza. It’s made from dough, mixed with thyme and olive oil, that’s rolled and spread into a thin, oval shape.

Once the dough base is ready, you can load it with a wide range of toppings. Popular choices include cheese mixes, labneh, kechek (dried yogurt), fresh vegetables, and many more.

Manakish with Zaatar
Manakish with Zaatar, Momen Khaiti/Shutterstock

Finally, it’s cooked in an open oven at high heat until the toppings melt and cook, and the dough has a fluffy interior and crunchy edge.

It can be served sliced or folded and eaten either for breakfast or for lunch.

You can’t visit Lebanon without trying this wonderfully crunchy snack, loaded with aromatic thyme and plenty of cheese. It’s a Lebanese food for the people.

7 – Lahm Bi Ajin or Sfiha – Lebanese Meat Pizza

Lebanese Food: Lahm Bi Ajin – Lebanese Meat Pizza
AS Foodstudio/Shutterstock

There are many forms of Lahm bi Ajin in Lebanon, depending on the region you are in.

Lahm Bi Ajin is very similar to Man’ouche in that it utilizes a hearty, crunchy dough-base.

Lahm Bi Ajin, however, are smaller and circular in shape. It’s topped with a mixture of minced meat, onions, and parsley and then cooked in an open oven until crunchy.

Lahm Bi Ajin can also be cut into squares. This variation is known as “Sfiha.”

Lahm Bi Ajin are best served with yogurt, as it balances out the flavors, and it makes for an exceptional and tasty Lebanese dish.

8 – Kaak – Lebanese Purse Bread

Kaak – Lebanese Purse Bread

Kaak or Kaake is a type of flatbread dough. It’s rolled into oval pieces and baked at a high heat over an open flame until crispy on the outside.

Once cooked, it’s sprinkled with sesame seeds. This enhances the taste and it intensifies the crispy texture.

Some call it Lebanese Purse Bread, as it often resembles the shape of a purse, due to the hole formed at the top to hang it while cooling it.

It is a very common street food in Lebanon. Traditionally, it’s enjoyed topped with a generous helping of cheese and thyme.

Perfect to eat on the go, it’s enjoyed at all times of the day. As Lebanese foods go, it’s one of the most popular.

9 – Chanklich, Shanklish or Surke – Aged Cheese

Chanklich, Shanklish or Surke – Aged Cheese
Carla Nichiata/Shutterstock

Chanklich is a very common dish part of the Lebanese mezze. Its prime ingredient is cow’s milk or sheep’s milk.

Chaklich is made by drying out the milk and then rolling it into small balls. These balls are covered with herbs, thyme, or hot peppers.

Finally, the dish is left to age and mature until ready to eat.

Chanklich can be found in many Levantine countries, each with its own way of preparing it.

In Lebanon, chanklich is commonly served with a salad of chopped onions, tomatoes, and a generous helping of olive oil.

It’s a true delicacy and a delicious mezze dish that’s ideal for breakfast, lunch, or dinner. 

10 – Foul, Balila, Mssabaha – Beans & Chickpeas

Lebanese Food: Foul Modammas
Foul Modammas, Momen Khaiti/Shutterstock

Comprising of three core dishes, this Lebanese specialty is served in restaurants and enjoyed at family gatherings and celebrations.

Foul is a form of red bean that can be cooked with or without whole chickpeas.

It’s served with olive oil and vegetables such as onions, radish, mint, and olives. It’s best eaten warm with pita bread.

Balila, Ali Zaiter/Shutterstock

Balila is a delicious dish of mashed chickpeas mixed with butter and olive oil, then fried with pine nuts, tahini paste, and minced garlic.

Lastly, Mssabaha, meaning “swimming” in English, is a dish of cooked chickpeas stewing in their own water and juices. It’s eaten with olive oil, lemon juice, and pita bread.

Combined, these three dishes make a decadent and fulfilling authentic Lebanese breakfast.

If you’re lucky enough to try some Lebanese home cooking, you’ll likely see these dishes served in unique signature brown bowls found in most Lebanese households.

11 – Kebbe or Kibbeh – Spiced Meat Balls

Lebanese Food: Kebbe or Kibbeh – Spiced Meat Balls
Eliane Haykal/Shutterstock

Kibbeh is Lebanon’s national dish. Essentially, Kibbeh is spiced ground meat mixed with bulghur wheat.

Hundreds of variations of Kibbeh exist, with different Lebanese families and regions all having their own take on this spicy dish.

North Lebanon is known for Kebbe Zghertawiye, which sees the spiced meat rolled into a large ball, filled with spices and liquid fat, and cooked at high heat.

Kebbe can also be made into small cone-like shapes, fried or baked. This is the type of Kebbe you’ll typically see mostly served as Lebanese mezze.

In addition, Lebanese are also famous for eating raw Kebbe, meat fresh from the butcher, with white onions, mint leaves, and garlic. 

12 – Shawarma – Meat or Chicken Slices

Lebanese Food: Shawarma – Meat or Chicken Slices
Dmitry Geldt/Shutterstock

Lebanese Shawarma is very similar to the Turkish Doner and the Greek Gyros. It’s eaten throughout the country, and it is one of Lebanon’s most sought-after street foods.

Shawarma itself refers to the meat, not the sandwich. It consists of thinly cut slices of beef, chicken, lamb, or other meats stacked in a large cone shape, roasted slowly for overs on a vertical rotisserie.

Once the meat is ready, it’s served in pita bread sandwiches with fries, lettuce, onions, hummus, tarator (tahini paste), or garlic paste.

Shawarma sandwiches are a must-try Lebanese food. They are perfect to eat as a snack or as a lunch to-go.

13 – Falafel – Deep-Fried Chickpeas or Fava Beans Balls and Patties

© Nomad Paradise

One of Lebanon’s most famous street foods, falafel is a deep-fried ball or patty made from ground chickpeas, fava beans, or both.

Street food vendors throughout Lebanon, particularly in Beirut, serve falafel as a specialty.

Falafel is best served in pita bread sandwiches with vegetables and tarator, which is a tahini paste mixed with lemon juice. 

It’s considered by many to be a vegan dish, and it is a great way for vegetarians and vegans to get various nutrients found in red and white meats.

Falefel is high in protein and very filling. Because of this, it’s commonly eaten during Lent.

Lebanese Desserts

14 – Knefe or Kanafeh – Sweet Cheese Semolina Pastry

Lebanese Food: Knefe or Kanafeh – Sweet Cheese Semolina Pastry

Knefe is a sweet dessert made of thin noodle-shaped pastry mixed with semolina dough. It’s layered with a type of sweetened white cheese called Achta cream.

Knefe is made on a large round tray in Lebanese sweet shops. It’s served in a small Kaake, which is a flatbread dough topped with sugar syrup.

It’s best served piping hot, allowing the sweetness of the dough and the syrup to mix with the melting cheese.

It’s a delicious and very decadent dessert that is usually served for breakfast, celebrations, and festivities.

15 – Halewit El Jeben – Sweet Cheese Rolls

Lebanese Food: Halewit El Jeben – Sweet Cheese Rolls
Creative Conversion/Shutterstock

Halewit El Jeben means “Sweetness of Cheese” in English, a wonderful name for a truly wonderful dessert.

This famous Lebanese cheese dish is loved throughout the country. You can easily find it at Lebanese dessert shops.

The dish is made of semolina and cheese dough, filled with Ashta cream. It’s either served rolled as small rolls or in small rope-like shapes, covered with Ashta.

Before serving, Halewit El Jeben is decorated with crushed pistachios and a rose petal jam.

It’s commonly eaten with sugar syrup and orange blossom or rose water. It’s a magical, cheesy treat for anyone who loves their desserts both sweet and sour.

16 – Namoura or Basbousa – Semolina Cake

Lebanese Food: Namoura or Basbousa – Semolina Cake

Namoura is a sweet and filling Lebanese dessert, also known as Basbousa in many regions of the Levantine.

The cake base is a mixture of sugar, semolina, and butter. Before baking, it’s spread in a big round tray and topped with almonds.

Once baked, it’s topped with aromatic sugar. Finally, it’s cut out into diamond-shaped slices, and it’s served by piece with sugar syrup.

Namoura is served all year round. It’s enjoyed throughout many religious festivities, especially during the month of Ramadan.

Some Lebanese people like the texture to be crispy, while others prefer it fluffy and soaked in sugar syrup.

Either way, it’s a soothing and wholesome dessert, best eaten with a hot cup of Lebanese coffee.

17 – Maamoul – Sweet Stuffed Cookies

Lebanese Food: Maamoul – Sweet Stuffed Cookies
Stphanie Crocq/Shutterstock

Maamoul is a traditional cookie made from semolina dough, stuffed with different fillings such as dates, nuts, pistachios, or walnuts, and then baked in the oven.

In some modern recipes, Maamoul is filled with fig jam or even Nutella.

This special dessert is often made during major religious holidays in Lebanon, such as Easter or Eid Al Fitr, as well as for big family gatherings.

It is also made for festive lunches and for big family gatherings so that family and friends can all enjoy this delicious dessert together.

Lebanese Food Summary

Lebanon is a proud and passionate nation with traditions dating back centuries. It’s no surprise such care and craft have gone into the food of this beautiful country.

Being within the Mediterranean basin naturally blesses you with warm climates, ideal for growing ripe, juicy fruit and vegetables.

Many of the foods and flavors that make the Mediterranean diet so iconic are present, including olive oil, lemon, and seafood.

From there, Lebanon’s unique geography means it is surrounded by some of the world’s most beloved cuisines, all influencing the food of this country in some way.

North African, Levant, Middle-Eastern, and Asian influence have all found their way into Lebanese food in a variety of ways.

Hence, you have a cuisine that’s alive and full of herbs, spices, and juices, bringing heat, spice, zest, and warmth to the table in abundance.

Lebanese food is one of the lesser-known gems of Mediterranean and Asian cuisine. From vibrant colors to intense flavors, there’s so much to get excited about.

So, before we leave Lebanon, one last time, here’s the full list of all the foods we looked at in this article.

Be sure to keep this list of Lebanese foods in a safe place. That way, when you visit, you can ask to try one or more of these delicious dishes.

  1. Tabbouleh – Parsley Bulgur Salad
  2. Fattoush – Pita Salad
  3. Labne – Creamy Yogurt Spread
  4. Hummus – Dip
  5. Muhammara – Roasted Red Pepper Dip
  6. Manakish or Man’ouche – Breakfast Dough Topped with Thyme, Cheese, or Ground Meat
  7. Lahm Bi Ajin or Sfiha – Lebanese Meat Pizza
  8. Kaak – Lebanese Purse Bread
  9. Chanklich, Shanklish or Surke – Aged Cheese
  10.  Foul, Balila, Mssabaha – Beans & Chickpeas
  11. Kebbe – Spiced Meat Balls
  12. Shawarma – Meat or Chicken Slices
  13. Falafel – Deep-Fried Chickpeas or Fava Beans Balls & Patties
  14. Knefe – Sweet Cheese Semolina Pastry
  15. Halewit El Jeben – Sweet Cheese Rolls
  16. Namoura – Semolina Cake
  17. Maamoul – Sweet Stuffed Cookies

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  • Hey there! We are Dale and Doina, the founders of Nomad Paradise. We traveled full-time for over three years, and while we now have a home base in the U.K., continue to take trips abroad to visit new places and try new cuisines and foods. Our food guides are curated with the guidance of local foodies, and their contribution is indicated under each article. We also cook the foods we try abroad, and you can discover how to make them in our 'recipes from around the world' category.

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  • Maya Ghorayeb is a translator, copywriter, and digital marketer from Beirut. She is passionate about Lebanese culture and cuisine and shares insight and recipes through her writing.

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Mariyana Genova-Ibrahim

Monday 27th of June 2022

The best food for me❤️

Marcel D.

Sunday 14th of November 2021

I find Lebanese food one of the very best in the world. I have traveled to 41 different countries in Europe, the Americas & the middle east ...and I find Lebanese dishes to be absolutely positively Delicious and healthy...I HIGHLY RECOMMEND IT TO ALL...Nonetheless, beware...Lebanese homecoming is much better than restaurants...If you know a Lebanese family, invite yourself over for dinner & if you dont know any family... Find you few recipies & take the challenge of cooking a Lebanese dish...They are very easy & you will thank me...!!!

Dr Sam Hamod

Monday 8th of February 2021

Excellent in all ways. True Lebanese food.