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North Macedonia is a small, underrated, and under-explored country in the Balkan Peninsula, Europe. Rich in Ottoman and Roman heritage and breathtaking natural sights, this country is a blend of the past and the brand new.
If you’re keen to learn more about this fascinating place, then you’re very much in safe hands. Our expert guide Milena Lavoza, native Macedonian and travel writer, has helped us compile an expert North Macedonia travel guide of everything you need to about this wonderful country.
From breathtaking places to visit, to whether Macedonia is credit card friendly, we cover the bases, and then some. Happy travels!
North Macedonia has so much to offer. It’s rich in shimmering lakes, picturesque valleys, untouched mountain massifs, national parks, traditional village cottages, and other spectacular natural beauties that make it perfect for outdoor enthusiasts.
It’s an old country with a rich history and around 1,000 churches and monasteries. Experts believe the foundation of three Macedonian monasteries include parts of the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. It’s the home country of Mother Theresa and Alexander the Great.
Perhaps the simplest but the most satisfying thing about North Macedonia is the delicious cuisine, including traditional, mouth-watering dishes served in local traditional restaurants called kafanas. For tourists, the cost of living in Macedonia is very inexpensive, so enjoying quality food at an astoundingly low price is not uncommon.
Macedonian wines are also of high quality. Locals have been producing wine since the 13th century BC. There’s also the national alcoholic beverage ‘rakija’, which is a real one-of-a-kind experience. Overall, it’s a foodie’s heaven.
North Macedonia, or the Republic of North Macedonia, used to be Macedonia, or the Republic of Macedonia until February 2019. The name dispute between the country and its southern neighbor Greece was because the Republic of Macedonia was using the same name as a neighboring part in northern Greece.
The issue escalated so much that inflamed tensions between the two countries. In June 2018, an agreement was reached to rename the country, but the official renaming was in February 2019. One thing’s for sure: a lot of people from both countries weren’t happy, especially nationalists.
Here are a few interesting facts about this small but beautiful country:
This small country is safe, and if there’s any crime, it’s either opportunistic or petty. It’s improbable someone tries pickpocketing, but still possible, like in any other country. However, locals are there to help as soon as they hear shouting.
Cities are calm and welcoming, and the locals are friendly and willing to help you in any way. Generally, there’s nothing too drastic going on in this country, so you have no reason to fear visiting.
Generally, the locals drink the tap water. In fact, there are numerous public fountains around cities and villages. It’s chlorinated, so locals can drink it without worrying about any contamination.
Still, bottled water is recommended for new visitors just for a few weeks until their bodies get immunity against small, insignificant strains of local bacteria. If you’re visiting this country for the first time, it might be best to stick to bottled water, just to be on the safe side.
The currency of this country is the Macedonian denar. The Cyrillic version of the currency symbol is ден, and the international and official symbol is MKD. Frequently used banknotes are 10 denars, 100 denars, 200 denars, 500 denars, 1000 denars, and 2000 denars.
For example, with a 100 denar banknote, you can buy breakfast and soda. Frequently used coins are 1 denar, 2 denars, 5 denars, 10 denars, and 50 denars. With a 50 denar coin, you can buy the common breakfast burek, or two bus tickets. The annual inflation of MKD is 0.2%.
Besides Denars, another accepted currency is the Euro (1 Euro is about 61.50 Denars). However, you can’t use it to buy goods in supermarkets, grocery stores, shops, or pharmacies. Normal purchases are priced in the national currency. You can use euros to pay long taxi rides, hotel rooms, car rental, or petrol station purchases.
When it comes to USD or pound sterling, you can only exchange them for denars in one of the many money changers found in any city.
Keep in mind that you can’t change Macedonian Denars outside of the country, so make sure you change any money back to USD, Euro, or any other currency before leaving.
Yes, you can use Visa, American Express, MasterCard/EuroCard, Diners, and other established international credit cards in most shops, hotels, and restaurants. There are plenty of ATMs in every city to withdraw money with extremely low commission rates.
Also, there are many exchange booths and banks to change money, so don’t change it on the street. If you have euros, you can even change them in most petrol stations across the country, with a slightly higher commission rate.
One of the best things about visiting this beautiful country is that it’s an incredibly affordable place to travel. A tasty meal in a restaurant won’t cost you more than $7, and a night in a double room, not more than $25.
If the cost of a room per night is $30, it probably comes with breakfast. In the off-season, you can save up to $10 per night, but you may have to bargain for this discount. You can find a private room at about $15 near the center of the capital, and a dorm bed for around $6.
The food and drink here are very affordable. A cup of coffee in local bars costs around $1 and a pizza around $4.5. A bottle of water in supermarkets costs around 20MKD or less than $0.5, and an ice-cream around $1.
An average lunch at a restaurant costs around 300MKD or less than $7. The same goes for an average dinner.
The transportation in North Macedonia is also cheap, including taxis and car rentals. Usually, renting a car for five days costs around $100-120, and a local bus ticket is around 35MKD or $0.4. It’s a small country, so the price for bus and train tickets for an intercity network is inexpensive.
Generally, Macedonians don’t have a tipping culture, mostly because of their low wages. Even though you won’t find a service charge on your restaurant or coffee shop bill, you can still tip if you get exceptional service.
Nowadays, people start to be more aware of the importance of tipping, so there’s a slight increase in the tipping culture when locals visit traditional restaurants or kafanas.
Hotel staff, tour guides, and taxi drivers don’t expect a tip, but you can tip 5 to 10% of the cost if you really enjoyed the service. Still, as a tourist, you are neither expected nor obliged to leave a tip, although that can be a significant addition to the locals’ low wages. It’s up to you.
English is the most popular foreign language spoken in this country. Youngsters are excellent in English, but not so much the elderly. Still, you’ll have no trouble communicating in English with locals in most restaurants, hotels, coffee bars, or institutions.
However, older people working in supermarkets or grocery stores may not understand English, but any customer or employee who knows the language will be happy to assists you or the cashier.
Even though you can use English in most parts of the country, knowing some local phrases is always a good idea. Here are some useful phrases to keep in mind:
The territory of North Macedonia is small (25,713 km2), so you can travel by bus or train or go by car, and you’ll arrive at your destination in under 4 hours.
For fast and affordable transportation around a city, you can use a taxi. However, make sure you use a registered taxi company to avoid scams.
The well-developed railroad system in the country allows you to travel from one city to another for a low price. You can also travel by bus as there are frequent services to most cities in Macedonia, again for an affordable price.
There are public inter-city buses in the capital of Macedonia, Skopje, that can take you from one to another part of the city. You can’t purchase a bus ticket from the driver, but use a bus pass called Скопска purchased in a kiosk and put credit on it.
A lot of tourists have a problem finding a kiosk that sells these bus passes, although there are many across the city, so it’s best to ask a local for the nearest one in the area.
Renting a car is a good option, especially if you arrive by plane since the airport is outside the city of Skopje. However, it’s considerably more expensive than public transportation. The capital is a big city, so renting a car will allow you to see all the places worth visiting.
Some of the best car rental companies in Macedonia are:
You can also use Rentalcars.com to book a car.
Even though most hotels, restaurants, and coffee bars in the capital and other larger cities in Macedonia offer wifi, the Internet connection is often poor. If you’re traveling to smaller cities, don’t be surprised if you can’t find wifi anywhere.
Therefore, if you need the Internet, it’s best to get a sim card from Lycamobile, ONE, or A1 mobile provider shops which offer great deals for a low price.
Youngsters in Macedonia show respect to the old. Female friends tend to kiss on the cheek when meeting and leaving, while male friends shake hands. Friends are very close to one another, so normal physical contact is common.
A guest entering a home is supposed to remove their shoes, and someone entering a room shakes hands with each person that’s already there. Hosts tend to offer a cup of Turkish coffee, some meze, and rakija to their guests.
Avoid talking about politics, recent historical past, and ethnic differences.
Skopje, the capital city, naturally is a great starting point. But there are several cities and towns in the country worth visiting.
Recommended read: Best Things to Do in Skopje
Book tours and activities at GetYourGuide.
If you’re looking for a beautiful, unique, and inexpensive experience rife with outdoor activities and plenty of beauty, look no further than North Macedonia. There is so much to do in this wonderful country for both tourists, nature lovers, and adrenaline junkies alike.
The country has come a long way in a short space of time, and is already on the radar as an ‘up-and-coming’ destination on many high authority travel websites. We hope our Macedonia travel guide has inspired you to grace this beautiful place!
Check out the following services for your trip:
If you’ve found our guide to Macedonia travel really useful and want to revisit it for a future trip, remember to pin it to one of your Pinterest boards for safekeeping.
Images licensed from Shutterstock
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